House rules and disciplinary measures
To keep reception centres safe and pleasant to live in, we have house rules which asylum seekers must follow in all reception centres. What if asylum seekers don't respect their fellow residents or COA staff, or breach the house rules in any other way? Then we take disciplinary measures. We always report criminal behaviour to the police. Together with our partners in the administrative law and criminal system, we take disciplinary measures against people who cause a nuisance.
Information about safety
The COA gives information about dangers in and around the reception centre to prevent accidents. In the Living in a COA centre programme, we talk about things like fire, swimming, traffic, tick bites and poisonous mushrooms. We also discuss Section 1 of the Constitution. On MyCOA, residents can read the information once again. Moreover, we disseminate information material together with our partners, for example through posters about the Constitution, or videos about swimming safely.
Emergency response team: always there in the reception centre
Any time of day, there are enough certified members of the company emergency response team (bhv'ers) in a reception centre. Each reception centre has an emergency response plan, which prescribes how staff must act in case of an emergency. And it makes agreements about this with the municipality and local emergency services.
The reception centres meet the legal requirements for fire safety. For instance, there are fire extinguishers and smoke alarms in all living units and other rooms. Residents and staff are given information about fire safety: what are the risks of fire and how can you detect or prevent fire. Many reception centres organise fire prevention days together with the local fire brigade.
The COA facilitates swimming lessons for children and young people under 18. The goal is for them to get their basic swimming diplomas (A, B and C), so that children can swim safely. To this purpose, reception centres cooperate locally with the municipality, schools and swimming pools.
We also inform people of all ages about the dangers of water. We do this in the Living in a COA centre programme, through information posters in the reception centres and the flyer on preventing drowning. In four fun and appealing videos about swimming safely, we inform young residents about the risks of swimming.
It is important for asylum seekers to defend themselves and indicate their boundaries. That is why some residents are benefitted by following an empowerment training. For example vulnerable groups such as children, women, unaccompanied young people and LGBTIs. For adults, the training programme is part of the programme on living in a COA centre.
Domestic violence and child abuse
The Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Obligatory Reporting Code Act also applies to COA staff. The reporting code helps staff when they suspect domestic violence or child abuse. By means of a 5-step plan, they determine whether they must make a report to Veilig Thuis, the official assistance agency in cases of domestic violence, and whether they are able to provide adequate assistance themselves.
Every reception centre has at least 2 'focus officers for domestic violence and child abuse'. These COA employees have had training. They collect all signals people receive in the reception centre: they themselves, colleagues, Trigion security guards, residents, volunteers, partners. When domestic violence or child abuse is suspected, they go and talk to the victims and organisations such as schools and the GP.
If necessary, they make a report to Veilig Thuis. Veilig Thuis will then see what is necessary to restore safety and deploys assistance.
Migrant smuggling and human trafficking
Asylum seekers in the reception centres can be victims of human trafficking and/or smuggling of migrants. During their stay, they can also become the victim of human trafficking. That is why all COA employees are trained to recognise signals of human trafficking and smuggling of migrants.
In every reception centre we have a 'migrant smuggling and human trafficking contact person'. This contact person reports signals to the Security Office of the COA. This office passes all signals on to the Expertise Centre for Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling (EMM). We place young people with a high risk of disappearing in the protected reception facility.
Radicalisation and jihadism
COA staff can have training to recognise signals of radicalisation and jihadism. They report suspicions of radicalisation and jihadism in residents to the Security Office of the COA. These could be signals of alienation, openly threatening 'the enemy', or an us-them narrative. The Security Office of the COA shares all signals with the IND and the General Intelligence and Security Service (AIVD).