A foreign national who applies for asylum in the Netherlands, should report to the application centre (AC) of the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) in Ter Apel. Then he will be admitted by the COA to the central reception centre (col) in Ter Apel or Budel. The Aliens Police (AVIM) will conduct the identity check and the registration of the personal data there. The GGD will carry out the TB screening, the GZA will conduct a medical intake and the IND will have a registration interview with the asylum seeker. Asylum seekers stay at least 4 days in the col. During their stay in different reception centres, asylum seekers will be already registered in the Personal Records Database, in the so-called BRP-street during their asylum application procedure.
Immigration and Naturalisation Service
Then the asylum seeker will move to a process reception location (pol). There he can first prepare himself for the asylum application during the rest and preparation time of a maximum of 8 days. He will receive assistance from the Dutch Council for Refugees and the Council for Legal Aid. For the processing of an asylum application, a statutory period applies within which the IND must take a decision.
Asylum seekers from safe countries will be quickly rejected. Their entire asylum procedure will be completed in 7 days after their arrival. They will stay in the col during this period. The asylum seekers, who have been previously registered in another EU country, should also leave the Netherlands as soon as possible. After the application process, they will move to an azc to wait for the transfer to another country. The procedure for family reunification can take a long time due to a large number of applications. Depending on the personal situation, it may take even more than two years.
The first part of the asylum procedure is the General Asylum Procedure. After that part, the asylum seeker will hear from the IND whether his asylum application has been granted, refused or whether more research is needed. There is a statutory period within which the IND must take a decision. Then the asylum seeker leaves the pol, usually to an asylum seekers' centre.
- Asylum application has been granted. The asylum seeker has received a residence permit. He is now a 'permit holder' or 'status holder'. The COA will link him to a municipality in the region of the azc. If he did not get registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) during the asylum application procedure, he must report to the municipality within 5 days upon the receipt of the residence permit in order to get registered in the BRP. If he already got registered during the asylum procedure and therefore already has a citizen service number, he only needs to be transferred to his new municipality. The municipality will provide housing. Until then, the permit holder will be living at the asylum seekers 'centre.
- Extended Asylum Procedure. The IND needs more time to make a decision on the asylum application. The resident enters the Extended Asylum Procedure. During this procedure he will stay at the asylum seekers' centre.
- The asylum application has been rejected. The asylum seeker has not been granted a residence permit. He is now entitled to reception in the azc for a maximum of 28 days. During this time, he can prepare his departure from the Netherlands. The Repatriation and Departure Service (DT&V) will provide support in this process. After 28 days, he must be gone out of the country. There are exceptions to this rule, for example if a former asylum seeker is unable to travel for medical reasons.