Centraal Orgaan opvang asielzoekers
2280 ME Rijswijk
T +31 (0)88-7157000
Sir Winston Churchilllaan 366a
2285 SJ Rijswijk
Asylum seekers are housed at a location suitable for the current phase of their asylum procedure.
COA has various types of reception centres. Asylum seekers are housed at a location suitable for the current phase of their asylum procedure.
Aliens requesting asylum in the Netherlands report to an Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) Application Centre. COA then receives them at the central reception location in Ter Apel (Province of Groningen). During their stay the Aliens Police complete their registration and the investigation of their identity. The Municipal Health Services carry out the mandatory TB screening. After these inspections asylum seekers have at least six days to rest and prepare for the request for asylum. The asylum seekers are helped in the preparations by the Dutch Refugee Council and Legal Aid Council. Asylum seekers stay at the central reception location for a maximum of four days.
After the TB screening the asylum seekers move to one of the process reception locations where they continue the preparations for their request for asylum. These process reception locations are always close to the Immigration and Naturalisation Service’s Application Centres, which process the asylum seekers’ requests for asylum. Asylum seekers stay at the process reception location for at most twelve days.
The first part of the asylum procedure is the General Asylum Procedure. At the end of this procedure the Immigration and Naturalisation Service informs asylum seekers whether their request has been granted or refused, or whether a further investigation is necessary. They move from the process reception location to an asylum seekers’ centre, where the next phase of the asylum procedure begins:
Some asylum seekers who have been refused asylum cannot leave the Netherlands within four weeks. These asylum seekers have the right to reception at a freedom restricting location for a further maximum of twelve weeks. The supervision at these freedom restricting locations focuses on repatriation.
Families with minor children may never become homeless. For this reason families that no longer have a right to reception because they have been at an asylum seekers’ centre or a freedom restricting location for a long time are transferred to special family locations. These locations have sober facilities. The supervision focuses exclusively on repatriation.
The reception of unaccompanied minor asylum seekers who come to the Netherlands without a family to request asylum depends on their age and circumstances. Minors, irrespective of the outcome of their asylum procedure, are always entitled to reception until they are 18. On their 18th birthday they are governed by the procedure for adult asylum seekers. Read more about (the reception of) unaccompanied minor asylum seekers.